Three major views of the identity of “all Israel” in Rom 11:26 have concluded that “all Israel” refers to the church, to the elect remnant of believing Jews during the present age, and to the ethnic nation of Israel. Romans 11:28 is an often neglected verse that helps in determining which of the views is correct, because the pronoun “they” in v. 28 refers to the same people as the “all Israel” of v. 26. Since context requires that the pronoun “you” in v. 28 refers to Gentiles, the “enemies” and the “they” of v. 28 must be ethnic Jews, thereby eliminating the possibility of “all Israel” being the church. The two clauses in v. 28 describe what is true of ethnic Israel at the same time, not one condition prior to Israel’s salvation and another subsequent to that salvation. That eliminates the view that “all Israel” depicts an elect remnant of believing Jews, because they could hardly be enemies according to the gospel after becoming believers. The view that “all Israel” is the ethnic nation of Israel has v. 28 speaking of Israel’s dual status: simultaneously they are enemies according to the gospel and beloved because of the fathers. In her current rejection of Christ, the nation still enjoys the irrevocable corporate election by God. That identification of “all Israel” is therefore correct.Read the full article.
Matt Waymeyer B. A., The University of Wisconsin (Oshkosh) M. Div., The Master’s Seminary Th. M., The Master’s Seminary Th. D., The Master’s Seminary Matt Waymeyer began teaching hermeneutics at The Master’s Seminary in 2010 and joined the full-time faculty in 2011. While a student at TMS, Matt taught English grammar at the seminary and served as a pastoral-resident at Grace Community Church, where he was ordained by the elders in 2003. After graduating, Matt became the Pastor-Teacher of Community Bible Church in Vista, California, where he served for seven years. During this time, he had opportunity to travel overseas and teach at training centers in Albania and Russia. He is the author of Revelation 20 and the Millennial Debate, A Biblical Critique of Infant Baptism, and Amillennialism and the Age to Come: A Premillennial Critique of the Two-Age Model. Matt and his wife, Julie, live in Jupiter, Florida, and they have five children.